Villa Neighborhood

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The Barrio de La Villa, declared a Historic-Artistic Monument in 1966, it retains a great historical heritage that reflects the importance of our city throughout the centuries

He district of the Villa, declared joint historical-artistic in 1966, retains a great heritage historical that reflects the importance of our city along them centuries.

The rocky promontory where is situated the Villa, has influenced the history of Requena and the urban development of the city. Them activities archaeological made during the last years not have allowed dating them first signs of population in the I age of the iron, what allows assume activity human during the second millennium to C. However, is during the century VII to C (time iron) when you can ensure the existence of a population stable. Excavations in the Plaza del Castillo exhumed the remains of several houses organised on a central street, occupied at the end of the VII S. c., where recovered amphorae, vases, etc. Another time chronological is which corresponds to the time Imperal Roman, century II d. C, of which is found wells, an oven and different material of construction. Already more afternoon, is data to Requena in the time Arab, when the great influx of to the. Andalus covered these lands, specifically refers to the last Caliphate period. Most of the historical remains and part of the urban layout of the Barrio de La Villa they correspond to this.

Already in Almohad times the Barrio de La Villa had the typical structure of the main cities. For access to this medieval district, used the called Cuesta del Castillo, who joined the population with the Castilla road, and which constituted the original access to the walled enclosure. Apart from this entry La Villa had other accesses as the Cuesta de San Julián or the butchers, the Cuesta del Cristo, the Cuesta del Ángel, Puerta de Alcalá and missing Fargalla door.

In the Barrio de la Villa can highlight, for its historical and artistic interest, monuments and buildings. Between them is can admire it Church neoclassical of San Nicolas, them churches Gothic of Santa Maria and el Salvador, it Tower of the tribute, the fortress, the House greater of the art of the silk, the Palace of the Cid, the Museum of art contemporary "Florencio of the source", it Jewish and them caves of the Villa. It Centre neuragico of the neighborhood it represents, from the century XVI, the Plaza of the Villa currently called Plaza de Albornoz.

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